Varicocele is present in 15% of the male population and approximately 40% of men with fertility problems because it affects the parts of spermatogenesis. (CONSENSUS AUA). Varioceles are veins which dilate around the spermatic cord. They usually are formed with age and might cause sterility because they increase the temperature of the scrotum and lower drainage of blood from the scrotum.
Varicocele is found in 15% of the male population at large, 35% of men with primary infertility and 80% of men with secondary infertility.
* Jarrow.JP: Effects of varicocele on Male Fertility. Hum Reprod. Update 2001; 7: 59
The surgery is done at a hospital, with a small epidural or spinal anesthesia and the patient will have to stay hospitalized for a day. The faster the diagnosis, better the prognostic. The surgery aims to avoid backflows of blood into the scrotum.