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• STD – Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Syphilis (Chancre)

It is a type of infectious contagious disease that can reach various organs (for example: skin, eyes, bones, cardiovascular system, nervous system). Mostly, the initial manifestation is always done at the site of the bacteria's penetration, or be it, in the genital, represented by a wound with hardened edges and painlessly (also called chancre), associated with the increase of the nodes in the area of the groin. The transmission occurs through blood contamination or sexual relation. The incubation period can range from 1 week to 3 months, and need treatment with medications for its cure. The treatments usually give high cure rate when done properly.

Gonorrhea

It is a disease infectious contagious caused by a bacteria known as gonococcus that causes a lot of pus in the urethra of man and in the vagina and/or urethra of the woman. Usually, in the beginning it is perceived an itch in the genital area or burning when urinating. It is a disease highly contagious and must take a lot of care because in the major of contaminated woman it doesn't show symptoms. and antibiotic treatment required for its treatment. If not diagnosed and treated properly can progress to severe complications from chronic inflammation of the prostate to infertility.


HPV - Condyloma (Faux Hawk)

It is a type of infection caused by a group of virus (HPV) that causes papillary lesions giving as aspect of cauliflower and is the STD with the highest incidence in adults with active sexual life. There is about 40 million people infected with HPV, according Americans’ statistics, or be it, almost 1/5 of that country's population. It is estimated that in Brazil the statistics are similar. This injury can reach several sites in the male genital (glans, prepuce and urethra) and the female genital (vulva, perineum, vagina and cervix) and also in the anus and rectus). It is not always visible to the naked eye. The diagnosis is based on clinical history and physical examination. As an additional test may be used to “peniscopy” and colposcopy with biopsy, cytology and DNA testing.

Transmission is through intimate sexual contact is not necessary for this penetration. The condylomata may be incubated for a few weeks or even years. Treatment done on site can be caustic, chemotherapy or even cauterization depending on the case. immune stimulators are also often used. Unfortunately, there is great return rate problem even making it a proper treatment. The condom is the only device that can generate some kind of protection, although it is not 100% safe. Certainly there is a strong relationship between infection by HPV and the development of malignancies (cancer), especially the cervix.


AIDS (AIDS)

It is caused by a virus that compromises the immune part of men and women hindering or even preventing the protection against bacteria, viruses, parasites and even cancer cells. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is very well known HIV positive. The AIDS patient who is more prone to pneumonia, tumors, lymphomas, neurological disorders and Kaposi's Sarcoma. Transmission can occur through contact with infected blood, semen, vaginal secretions and even in breast milk. It is a syndrome that can take anywhere from 3 to 10 years to show its symptoms from the infection. The treatment, although it has already evolved enough yet able to cure AIDS but rather helps to control opportunistic diseases that often occur, prolonging the life chances of the patient as well as improving their quality of life. Prevention is recommended to all care during sexual intercourse as well as care for blood transfusions, blood handling and use of potentially contaminated syringes.


Genital Herpes

It is a type of infection caused by a group of virus which causes infections in the genital regions and presents a typical case: Bubbles (quite sore and red) which lasts for 4 to 5 days, it forms a wound and eventually heals spontaneously. Genital erpes is transmitted by sexual intercourse and has an inderteminate period of incubation. The treatment that exists untill today does not cure the problems but increses the gaps between the crises and decrease the symtomps when it occurs.


Urethritis Chlamidiana

It is an infection caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. It presents a whitish discharge, odorless and somewhat fluid, often without symptoms or burning.


Penile Candidiasis

This type of inflammation usually appears on the glans and the overlying skin as small red spots very itchy due to the presence of fungi, the most common being the "Candida albicans". It is a kind of very common problem in diabetics. Although it is placed as an STD, the transmission does not occur only through sexual contact.